Epilepsy is a brain disorder experienced by 65 million people worldwide. It is characterized by the overstimulation or hypersynchrony of neurons that leads to epileptic seizures. Physical symptoms include weakness, inability to communicate clearly, and excessive exhaustion. Epilepsy can be categorized based on two factors: if the disorder is idiopathic or symptomatic, and if the disorder is generalized or partial. Idiopathic epilepsy is genetic-based, while symptomatic epilepsy has no known cause or is developed from a traumatic brain injury. If the epilepsy is generalized it occurs in multiple parts of the brain, while partial is specific to a particular brain region. A variety of ions, neurotransmitters, and extracellular components affect the level of excitation experienced by the cell, leading to the different types of epilepsy. In this review, we cover the dysfunctions in the central nervous system that can lead to the development of idiopathic generalized and idiopathic partial epilepsy.
She said: Emily and Dan on dating and epilepsy
E-mail: chrmja gmail. He is also a writer of fiction and has published two collections of short stories and two novels. In his novel The doctor who knew too much , the protagonist is a doctor who suffers from epilepsy. Notions about epilepsy have changed dramatically through history, and this is reflected in fiction and film. This article provides a general overview of the ways in which people with epilepsy have been portrayed in books and on the screen from Antiquity until the present day.
geographic, social, or racial boundaries.1 Descriptions of epileptic seizures and epilepsy date back to antiquity and were described in Mesopotamian writings2.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Try not to worry, most women with epilepsy will have a healthy pregnancy and go on to have a healthy baby. But there is a slightly higher risk of having a baby with a birth defect or developmental problem, so it’s important to get the right support. If you find out you’re pregnant, don’t stop taking your anti-epilepsy medicine until you’ve spoken with your doctor or specialist.
If you’re taking anti-epileptic drugs AEDs and you’re planning to get pregnant, you should continue to use contraception and take your medication until you discuss your plans with your GP or neurologist. This is because your doctor may want to make changes to the dose or type of medicine you are taking, which is best done before you become pregnant. You should also be offered pre-conception counselling, which will help you understand any risks and plan for a healthy pregnancy and baby.
It’s difficult to predict how pregnancy will affect epilepsy.
Dating: the big dilemma
Auditory hallucinations. Unusual feelings or sensations. Dreamlike alterations in consciousness. These can be symptoms of both schizophrenia and epilepsy. Evidence continues to accumulate that the two brain disorders overlap in ways that researchers are still trying to understand. In a paper, researchers at the China Medical University in Taiwan analyzed medical records stored in a national registry to determine how many people initially diagnosed with schizophrenia later developed epilepsy — and vice versa.
Non-epileptic seizures have no identifiable physical cause, but they are believed to be less severe and tend to be related to school, dating or other age-related.
I started asking myself a lot of questions when I was first diagnosed with epilepsy. How do I tell people I have epilepsy? What birth control can I use? Can I have kids? And on and on. I had so many questions that I decided to start Girls with Nerve , a website focused on sexual and reproductive health for girls with epilepsy. I spent time doing research, interviewing different health care providers, and talking with other people who had epilepsy.
About 65 million people worldwide have epilepsy. And, there are tons of supportive communities of people with epilepsy, both online and in-person.
17 Things Everyone Should Know About Epilepsy
This symposium features opportunities to gain insights from ILAE experts, learn more about current best practices, and understand how the pandemic will likely affect medical practice into the future. It is structured to give you maximum opportunities for engagement. It is free of charge and will be offered twice so that you may choose the most convenient date and time.
See details:. Thursday, 10 September, China; Japan. If you have cared for a patient who has experienced an exacerbation of seizures, developed new onset seizures, or experienced another neurological change, please add the case information to our dataset.
Epilepsy Toronto envisions a world in which epilepsy is widely understood, and where those who live with epilepsy feel fully supported.
This review aims to highlight the historical hallmarks in the development of the concepts of seizures and epilepsy. It begins with a discussion of seizure semiology and terminology, followed by the pathophysiology of seizures. We then discuss the definition of epilepsy, its etiologies, and ultimately classification schemes. Each section starts with our current views and subsequently transports the reader back in time to understand how these views evolved and came to be what they are today. People living as early as in the prehistoric times may have been aware of the existence of seizures, and descriptions and terminology have been provided as early as BC.
While names have been revised and updated through time, the meanings are seemingly unchanged. However, it is clearly evident that we have come a long way in understanding the pathophysiology and etiology of seizures and epilepsy, thus leading to our current classification schemes. No classification scheme will be perfect yet, until our understanding is advanced enough to create one based predominantly on scientific grounds. The goal is that it is relevant to clinical practice, leading to a more precise diagnosis to guide targeted treatments.
The objective of this review is to provide a historical trajectory in the evolution of the concepts of seizure and epilepsy.
Sexuality is an important part of all of our lives. Being sexual has many meanings, including the release of physical tension, an expression of emotional intimacy for a couple, and occasionally to make a baby. How each of us expresses our sexuality is unique and depends on many factors including gender, age, sexual orientation, cultural background, life experiences and medical factors. Does having epilepsy affect sex? Epilepsy can have affects on sex, and sex has effects on epilepsy.
Many people with well controlled epilepsy have a comfortable, satisfying sex life.
The first written accounts of epilepsy are found on Babylonian stone tablets dating from the year BCE. Epileptic seizures are here described.
Going on a first date can be nerve-wracking under the best of circumstances; epilepsy just adds another twist. One question people often worry about is how soon they should tell their date that they have epilepsy. Being able to ask questions and share feelings on any topic, including epilepsy, will only make a relationship stronger. Although it may seem tempting to tell the other person over the phone, in an email or by text, instead of in person, any serious conversation like this is probably best done face-to-face.
The more comfortable you are with the other person, the better the conversation will go. Everyone worries about it to some degree. Some people worry so much that they never ask anyone out at all. Unfortunately, this does happen from time to time. How well they understand epilepsy, and what they feel about it, will reflect the understanding and feelings of the person who teaches them. No one escapes being rejected from time to time.
The situation is more comfortable if the other person already knows a little about epilepsy before you start going out. The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to lead the fight to overcome the challenges of living with epilepsy and to accelerate therapies to stop seizures, find cures, and save lives. Skip to main content.
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Whether or not antiepileptic drugs should be withdrawn after a patient has been seizure-free for several years is a complex issue. Clinical factors associated with a greater chance of successful withdrawal include childhood onset epilepsy, a normal electroencephalogram prior to drug withdrawal, being seizure-free for more than two years, monotherapy, normal neuroimaging and normal intellect. If antiepileptic drugs are withdrawn, they should be withdrawn slowly, ideally over several months.
On dating. My seizures used to be controlled (somewhat) when we first met. So I never really addressed what could happen, other than if he.
Epilepsy, also known as a seizure disorder, is a disorder of the brain that causes recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Those seizures are caused by surges of electrical activity in the brain, often compared to an electric storm. In most cases, the cause of epilepsy is unknown. Ley Sander, medical director at the Epilepsy Society in the U. In fact, most people with epilepsy experience “partial” or focal seizures.
These affect one area of the brain and can result in an aura, physiological reactions, or motor and sensory changes. The dramatic convulsions that most people associate with epilepsy are a result of a seizure affecting both sides of the brain at once. These “generalized” seizures can also cause “staring spells,” brief body jerking, and “drop attacks” suddenly falling to the ground. If a person is not known to already have epilepsy or has a complicated medical condition, then emergency care may be needed sooner.
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Peter Fox explores your views in a Facebook debate about dating sites. Do they actually work? Is love ever as simple as the greetings card industry would have us believe?
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Many people with epilepsy have fulfilling relationships with a partner. However, epilepsy may affect relationships for some people, and problems with sex are common for both men and women with epilepsy. There are various ways to manage these problems and find support. Seizures are a physical symptom, but having epilepsy can mean far more than the physical impact of seizures, for the person with epilepsy, and their partner.
Many people manage seizures well, but seizures can be unpredictable, frightening or shocking, both for the person having seizures and for those who see them. It may be hard to deal with the memory of a seizure, what the person with epilepsy looked like, how you both felt, or with the fear that it might happen again. Some people may not want to be alone with their partner in case they have a seizure, or fear being in the same place where it happened before.
If this was in a private place such as in bed or during time alone together, this can put strain on a relationship. It may be hard to face this or talk about it, as you may worry that how you feel might upset your partner. Talking it through with someone you trust may help. Everyone is different, and there may be many ways to help deal with issues around epilepsy. Supporting someone in this way can bring you closer together, but some people with epilepsy may feel this affects their independence.
It may help to think that everyone needs support with something, whether they have a long-term condition or not.
13 Things you should know if you’re dating someone who has epilepsy
Newswise — The human body, though a miraculous machine, is also a sort of mobile terrarium for other living things. The gut microbiome includes hundreds of species of bacteria, comprising trillion cells—more than exist in a human body. Yet until very recently, the idea that these microorganisms could influence human health and behavior was soundly rejected.
For many adults a recurrence of their seizures would have significant implications. Seizures impact on the No seizures following introduction of antiepileptic drug. Normal intellect Date published: 01 October Reasonable care is.
Epilepsy is a chronic noncommunicable disease of the brain that affects around 50 million people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body partial or the entire body generalized and are sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function. Seizure episodes are a result of excessive electrical discharges in a group of brain cells. Different parts of the brain can be the site of such discharges.
Seizures can vary from the briefest lapses of attention or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged convulsions. Seizures can also vary in frequency, from less than 1 per year to several per day. Epilepsy is defined as having two or more unprovoked seizures. Fear, misunderstanding, discrimination and social stigma have surrounded epilepsy for centuries. This stigma continues in many countries today and can impact on the quality of life for people with the disease and their families. Characteristics of seizures vary and depend on where in the brain the disturbance first starts, and how far it spreads.
Temporary symptoms occur, such as loss of awareness or consciousness, and disturbances of movement, sensation including vision, hearing and taste , mood, or other cognitive functions. People with epilepsy tend to have more physical problems such as fractures and bruising from injuries related to seizures , as well as higher rates of psychological conditions, including anxiety and depression. Similarly, the risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is up to three times higher than in the general population, with the highest rates of premature mortality found in low- and middle-income countries and in rural areas.
A great proportion of the causes of death related to epilepsy, especially in low- and middle-income countries are potentially preventable, such as falls, drowning, burns and prolonged seizures.