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Rare and Fine Westerwald Stoneware Jug, Dated — Lot — July 17, Stoneware Auction. Rare and Fine Westerwald Stoneware Jug, Dated .
The Pottery Analysis in N. Corcos et al. Excavations in at Wade Street, Bristol – a documentary and archaeological analysis, Internet Archaeology The assessment was carried out without reference to the stratigraphy, which was not available at the time. The assessment recommended that the pottery was studied fully once the phasing was complete in order to interpret the results in conjunction with the history of the site.
To date, however, the phasing remains unresolved given that the stratigraphy of the site is both complex and shallow; interpretation of the ceramics data remains inevitably general and limited in this respect. The quantity of ceramics recovered during the archaeological investigations in Wade Street was 1, sherds, weighing 3.
German Salt-Glazed Pottery Marks
Object Type Though a typical example of the standard 17th-century globular pottery ale-mug shape, these stoneware versions made in the Westerwald area of Germany were equipped with heavily flanged rims to accept hinged pewter lids. In practice, no mugs destined for England seem to have been mounted in metal. The earliest technique – taken from Raeren now Belgium by potters migrating to the Westerwald at the end of the 16th century – consisted of applied moulded decoration. By the end of the 17th century, the quality of clay and moulded ornament had improved to the point where pots might be left in their natural drab colour, without the addition of purple or blue.
The thin salt-glaze did nothing to obscure the fine detail of medallions such as this example, which was probably closely copied from a coin or medal. The recent Dutch Wars were soon forgotten, and as a renowned military leader and champion of the Protestant cause, William was a popular figure in Northern Europe.
For antique & vintage antique ceramic, American pottery, art appraisal and A Dutch redware single handle porringer decorated with an urn of flowers and date of A large Westerwald stoneware jug with a bold GR sypher for George Rex II.
Today, salt glazing is called “vapor glazing,” a name the technique received from the sodium vapors caused by the salt that the potter throws into the kiln when the pottery reaches high temperatures during its first or second firing. Salt-glaze firing, which originated in Germany in the 15th century, creates a translucent, high-gloss, dimpled effect on the pottery, sometimes over delicately hand-painted decorations in blue, rusty brown or purple. Turn the piece over to look for a maker’s mark that identifies it as a German-made item.
Though many of the first pieces from Germany did not contain maker’s marks, many of the later pieces did. More modern-day German potters often imprinted the country, such as “W. Germany,” on the bottom of the item along with hyphenated numbers. The first number typically identified the pottery’s shape, while the second number usually referred to the item’s height in centimeters, which is enough for many antique collectors to divine the item’s maker. For salt-glazed beer steins, the mark might appear as punched or stamped initials or numbers on the pewter lid.
Early marks, imprinted, etched, written or drawn onto the bottom of the pottery, included include tall rectangles, circles and hexagrams. For example, one imprint shows the words in a circle: “Saltglazed Stoneware W. Germany,” horizontally dissected by the name “Goebel. In the 20th century, many of the marks on German salt-glazed pottery were ink-stamped onto the bottom of the piece.
Appendix 2: The Pottery Analysis
Colonial Ceramics. True stoneware was developed in Germany at the end of the 13th century, and was exported to England in the 14th century Gaimster , This trade with England peaked in the 17th century Gaimster The towns of Cologne and Raeren were leading stoneware production centers in the first half of the 16th century, and the term “Cologne ware” was popularly applied to all mottled brown stonewares. By the midth century, the nearby town of Frechen had replaced Cologne as a pottery center, and supplanted Raeren as the leading exporter of brown stoneware to England Gaimster , ,
The material shows in a first analysis that many pipe bakers of the place Grenzhausen dating westerwald pottery Westerwald immigrated to. Der Begriff Keramik.
Today, I was introduced to a bit of our Colonial history. Aside from the intrigue of its nearly pristine condition, there is the question of date of manufacture. But in order to take a stand on the dating issue we need to have an appreciation of the phases of use and manufacture of such pots. The earliest chamber pots date from at least the sixth century B. In the past four to five hundred years chamber pots were found in nearly every household, usually stored under beds but sometimes in dining rooms.
English and Colonial lead-glazed earthenware chamber pots came in a variety of colors: brown, green, red, orange, tortoiseshell, gray, and black. There were also stoneware pots, and some of the more striking ones are known as Westerwald or Rhenish Gray , followed by Debased Westerwald , and then American Westerwald s.
In the eighteenth century, these pots were mass-produced. Not to be ignored were chamber pots made of metal, the earliest example being from But the English Civil War of the s temporarily spoiled this method because the Royalists conscripted silver and pewter to make silver coinage to fund their war efforts, a practical, if unhygienic way to pay off debt using dirty money without resorting to taxes.
The chamber pot at the Peabody is gray, salt-glazed stoneware with cobalt blue cordons beneath the rim and above the base.
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Log in or Sign up. Antiques Board. Featured Westerwald Jug – Age? Hi, I bought this Westerwald jug. It is quite big, ca. Has anyone an idea how old it is?
Buy Stoneware Date-Lined Ceramics (Pre-c) and get the best deals Rare early Bellarmine jug Bartmann Westerwald stoneware Jug.
This style of pottery actually has origins in Raeren, which after World War I became a municipality of Belgium. Geographically, Westerwald is located within a low mountain range nestled between the Sieg, Lahn and Rhine Rivers. Westerwald Stoneware. As migrant potters began to settle into the area with the molds they brought from Siegburg and Raeren, stoneware production spread from these towns to outlying sites at Hilgert, Hillscheid, Ransbach, Baumbach, Mogendorf and Vallende.
What Are Westerwald Stonewares? Westerwald Stonewares were utilitarian vessels which included such items as mugs, jugs, chamber pots, and tea pots. They were made of a white clay which turned light grey upon firing. These pigments were utilized due to their ability to withstand the high temperatures of a stoneware kiln.
Westerwald German Stoneware
Vitrified, butter churns, moonshine and large stoneware crocks, cream, decorated salt-glazed stoneware jug primitive style of the early use in general. Later in those shops and , often depicting. To view the 6 -inch-tall figure made in the shape alone. Early use of the mid-nineteenth century, including ship transport, crafts and stoneware jug attributed to preserve food in.
Royal doulton lambeth farming scene jug, cream color.
The Met Fifth Ave opens August The Met Cloisters opens September Your health is our top priority. German, probably Westerwald. German stoneware tankards were brought to America in large numbers on Dutch fur-trading ships. Shards of these popular vessels have been uncovered at seventeenth century sites in New York and New England. Not on view.